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Gilchrist, Madeleine

  • Persoon
  • 1942-
Madeleine Gilchrist was born in Switzerland in 1942. She is married with two children and speaks French and English. She graduated as a Registered Nurse (RN) in 1964 in Switzerland. Madeleine moved to Toronto with her Canadian husband in 1968 where she worked as a part-time nurse at the Women’s College Hospital in downtown Toronto. In 1989, she obtained a Bachelor of Arts (BA) in Women’s Studies from York University in Toronto.
Throughout her life, Madeleine has been a feminist and peace activist. She was part of many feminist committees and organizations, including Women for Political Action (WPA), National Action Committee on the Status of Women (NAC), Voice of Women (VOW), Women for Mutual Security (WMS), Réseau des femmes de l’Ontario, and Féminin-pluriel.
Between 1986 and 2002, Madeleine was heavily involved on the international scene. As a representative for VOW and WMS, she lobbied for peace and disarmament at the United Nation’s Disarmament Session in Geneva, at North-Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) headquarters in Brussels, at the Warsaw Pact Alliance meeting of foreign ministers in Sofia, Bulgaria, and at the United States’ Senate in Washington. She also lobbied at the UN in New York for a woman Secretary General.
Before the Gulf War, Madeleine was the communication link for the delegation of women in Baghdad. In 2000, she participated in a fact-finding mission in Baghdad with a group of international NGOs concerning the sanctions imposed by the United Nations, the United States, and England.
Madeleine was part of a mediation group meeting with women in areas of conflict, including Israel, Palestine, Greece, Turkey, Azerbaijan, Croatia, Serbia, and Cyprus. As part of VOW, Madeleine was actively involved in demonstrations, writing proposals, and giving talks related to the Balkan war. It culminated into her 1997 trip to Belgrade and Zagreb to meet women on both sides of the conflict. On a personal level, Madeleine corresponded with an Israeli female journalist imprisoned in Israel in 1988.
Between 1993 and March 1995, Madeleine was part of the Canadian-Beijing Facilitating Committee and she was the NGO representative on the official Canadian delegation for the UN’s Fourth Women Conference in Beijing (1995). Following the Conference, she was a consultant and observer at a dialogue between Greek and Turkish women which became an organization called WINPEACE. In 2000, Madeleine was involved as a mentor in Beijing+5 at the UN in New York during a session on the status of women.
Madeleine participated in many national and international conferences and workshops either as a coordinator, facilitator, or speaker, including at the First International Minoan Celebration of Partnership (FIMCOP) in Crete, Greece (1992), the Refugee & Displaced Women in Times of Conflict: International NGO Dialogue in Athens (1994), the International Court of Justice World Court Project in the Hague (1995), and the Situation of Women Fourth Canadian Conference on International Health in Ottawa (1997).
In 1995, Madeleine received the Muriel Duckworth Award from the Canadian Research Institute for the Advancement of Women (CRIAW). In early 2000, she was awarded the Women’s College Hospital Award for Outstanding Nurse. She also received Queen Elizabeth II’s Diamond Jubilee medal in 2012.
Madeleine is now living in Toronto where she continues her activities as a mentor.

Bray, Arthur

  • Persoon
  • 1925-
Arthur Bray, who was born in Ottawa and graduated from Lisgar Collegiate, began his flying career as a pilot in the Royal Canadian Air Force during World War II, later transferring to the Royal Navy Fleet Air Arm. He was serving as a pilot in the Royal Canadian Navy in 1947 when there were frequent reports of Flying Saucers, later to become known as Unidentified Flying Objects or UFOs. He became curious about these reports, wondering what strange things may be flying about the same sky he was. The more he read, the more interested he became, and the study became his hobby, and, eventually, an avocation. This study inevitably resulted in the accumulation of a large collection of research material over the period to 1993. He completed his first book, Science, the Public and the UFO, (Bray Book Service, Ottawa) in 1967. It was written, after twenty years of research, as a challenge to the U.S. Air Force.
He frequently appeared on radio and TV, was a guest speaker at many meetings of clubs and associations, including, on occasion, sharing the podium with noted scientists. He also presented papers to international UFO conferences and taught a course on Ufology at Algonquin College in Ottawa. Articles about Bray and his work appeared in newspapers across Canada as well as in the U.S.A. In 1967 he was awarded the Centennial Medal in recognition of his service to Canada in the Navy.
In 1968, he began a lengthy correspondence with U. Thant, Secretary-General of the United Nations, and with the UN Outer Space Affairs Division, to get the UN to set up a full-time study of UFOs. Eventually, after supporting a proposal by the Prime Minister of Grenada, the UN asked all member nations to conduct UFO investigations on a national level and report back to the UN. Bray asked Canadian Prime Minister Trudeau to support this action, but nothing came of it.
Then in 1969, he presented a detailed outline of the UFO problem, in the form of a brief, to The Senate Committee on Science Policy, titled Science, Society and the UFO (The Queen’s Printer, Ottawa). In addition to numerous articles in UFO research journals and magazines, he contributed four articles to the Encyclopaedia of UFOs, (Doubleday & Co. Inc., Garden City, N.Y. 1980). In 1979, he wrote his second book, The UFO Connection, (Jupiter Publishing, Ottawa, 1979).
Bray, through his published work, gradually became recognized around the world as a thorough researcher. One of the leading UFO investigative organizations, the Aerial Phenomena Research Organization (APRO) based in the U.S.A., described Bray as “... one of the most respected UFO investigator - researchers in the world...”. (The APRO Bulletin, vol. 31, no. 2, January 1983).
To keep current on scientific and technical matters, he held membership in various organizations, including the American Association for the Advancement of Science, The New York Academy of Sciences, the Canadian Aeronautics and Space Institute, the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada, and The Society of American Military Engineers. The Society of Technical Writers and Publishers and the academy of Independent Scholars also admitted him in membership based on his writing and research abilities.
Through a thorough and detailed study of the evidence, Bray became convinced of the reality of UFOs in that something which remains unidentified is intruding into our airspace. After thorough investigation, only about ten percent of reported sightings remain unidentified. The remaining ninety percent can be identified as man-made objects, known natural phenomenon or hoaxes. It is the ten percent that are the true UFOs, the others being IFOs (Identified Flying Objects). The answers to the questions of what these objects are and where they come from remain unknown to the world in general. Bray, however, is convinced that many governments have the answers, and these remain under top-secret wraps for whatever reasons. He, as well as other researchers, have discovered and published much proof of this secrecy.
When he retired from the Navy in 1971, Bray embarked on a second career as a manager with the Canada Safety Council, a non-government, non-profit organization. He retired from the Council in 1987 in the position of Director of Corporate Affairs. Since then, he continued researching and writing, but also in a new field, financial planning, and has two books published on that topic by the largest financial publishing house in Canada. He is now engaged on another major project of research and writing unrelated to his previous topic areas.
Bray retired from active UFO research after forty-six years of thorough study because no amount of private research had produced any final answers due to the cover-up, which continues, and he had other interests to pursue which had been set aside for many years due to his active involvement in Ufology.

Ottawa Women's Lobby (OWL)

  • Instelling
  • 1977-[199-]
The Ottawa Women’s Lobby (OWL) was a feminist advocacy organization founded as a member group of the National Action Committee on the Status of Women (NAC) by Shirley Greenberg in 1977. OWL lobbied the municipal, provincial and federal governments to fight for equality for women in all aspects of Canadian life. The organization consisted of women from various occupations and backgrounds. In addition to Shirley Greenberg, the members of OWL throughout the group's founding/early years (1970s) consisted of: Kay Marshall, Lynn Kaye, Rosemary Billings, Diana Pepall, Mary Ambrose, Pat Hacker, John Baglow, Carole Swan, Helene Doyon, Sheila Klein, and Monica Townson. OWL remained active until the 1990's, but past members continue to hold semi-annual social meetings, which facilitate spirited debates.

Women's Employment Centre (WEC)

  • Instelling
  • 1981-1997
The Women's Employment Centre (WEC), located in Toronto, operated as part of the Canada Employment and immigration Commission (CEIC) and began under the launch of the Women's Employment Counselling Centre (WECC) Pilot Program in 1981. In this pilot program, seven employment centres with a particular focus on women's employment were opened in seven different cities across Canada as part of regular Canada Employment Centres in each city—Halifax, Chicoutimi, Toronto, Sudbury, Thunder Bay, Winnipeg and Calgary. WEC was created to assist women in entering the labour market and/or making major occupational changes, especially in non-traditional occupations (occupations that are predominantly male), such as trades, technology and operations (TTO).
The Women's Employment Counselling Centre (WECC) Pilot Program was evaluated in 1984 by Employment and Immigration Canada (the Program Evaluation Branch) and continued to operate throughout the 1990's. Many women who received advice and guidance from the WEC in Toronto were subsequently hired at various companies and organizations throughout Ontario including CP Rail, the Ministry of Transportation, CN, Toronto Transit Commission, the Toronto Star, and more. WEC eventually closed down in 1997 due to minimal support and a difficult political and economic climate within the Human Resource Development Canada (HRDC).

Ontario Institute of Studies in Education

  • Canada
  • Instelling
  • 1965-current

The Ontario Institute of Studies in Education (OISE) was founded in 1965, by an act of the Ontario legislature; it was established to lead research initiatives and to provide graduate programs in education. Research and graduate studies within the University of Toronto were transferred to OISE from the Ontario Colleges of Education.

In December 1994, OISE was integrated with the Faculty of Education, University of Toronto. It was named the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education of the University of Toronto, and was fully operational by July 1996.

Beginning in 2012, OISE was structured with four academic departments: Applied Psychology and Human Development (APHD); Curriculum, Teaching and Learning (CTL); Leadership, Higher and Adult Education (LHAE); Social Justice Education (SJE). The current dean of OISE is G.A. Jones, whose term began in 2015. The Council of the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education is the institute’s highest governing body; it oversees faculty governance.

OISE is mandated to equip scholars, teachers and other professional with skills and global awareness necessary to influence policy and practice in their fields. The institute is mandated to discover and mobilize knowledge through leading-edge research and innovation. It is also mandated to advance lifelong learning and to contribute to public policy dialogue.

Victoria Rape Relief Society

  • Instelling
  • 1975-1982
The Victoria Rape Crisis Centre was established in 1975 by a group of women as a self-funded collective. It formed a coalition with other rape crisis centres in British Columbia in order to pool funding applications. The founders’ objectives were to provide rape crisis advocacy and to help women establish and increase control over their lives, to enquire into the causes of sexual violence, and to raise awareness about rape as serious crime. The centre employed two staff members, recruited several volunteers and was composed of different committees. The members aimed to develop a horizontal collective. The collective proposed presentations in high schools. They offered various workshops and courses on women’s self-defence, on-call counselling for women who had been raped or assaulted. They worked with the police in order to assist raped women and help them with the legal process. In 1977, the Victoria Rape Crisis Centre received a grant from the federal government to produce a booklet. Staff members and volunteers collaborate to produce the Booklet “Rape”. The Centre also participated to the creation of the Canadian Association of Sexual Assault Centres. It hosted a national conference in 1978 with the objective to form this association. The Victoria Rape Society was closed in 1982. The “Victoria Sexual Assault Centre” was founded the same year and opened its doors in 1983. Contrary to the original centre, the “Victoria Sexual Assault Centre” was not part of the British Columbia coalition crisis centres.

Le Clerc, Patrice

  • Persoon
Dr. LeClerc is a retired Associate Professor of Sociology at University of St. Lawrence, New York. Prior to St. Lawrence, she was at Concordia University in Montreal. Her research interests are in social policy comparisons of Canada, Quebec, and the United States, and she has written on health and medicine, women's movements, social movements, and nationalism in the three societies. She is currently at work on a book examining the development of nationalism and identity in New York and Ontario in the 1800s. Her most recent publications are a chapter on Canada in Women 2000 (ed. Janet Mancini Billson), Women's Issues in Canadian Studies in the New Millennium, eds. Patrick James and mark Kasoff, and an article in the Socialist Studies Bulletin with Kenneth Gould: The USA Patriot Act: Why We All Should Be Terrified. She teaches courses on nationalism, comparative historical methods, women's movements, social movements, women social theorists and medical sociology and social policy. Her academic interests, teaching, and life choices are intertwined. She has served the Society for Socialist Studies as Book Review Editor for five years, and continues on the Editorial Collective. She also has been on the Executive Committee of the American Council for Canadian Studies, and is an active member of the Association for Quebec Studies in the United States.

Nemiroff, Greta Hofmann

  • Persoon
  • 1937-
Greta Hofmann Nemiroff is a writer, educator, and coordinator of Women’s Studies programs. She was born in 1937 in Montreal to parents who had emigrated from Vienna, Austria to Canada in 1930. She studied at McGill University and graduated in 1958. In 1970 to 1971, Greta Nemiroff and Christine Allen Garside taught a course entitled: “The Nature of Woman: Historic Attitudes and Recent Approaches” at Sir George Williams University (a predecessor to Concordia University) in the Philosophy Department. Nemiroff began teaching at the New School at Dawson College in 1973. She taught English and Humanities and intermittently directed and co-coordinated the New School. She held this post until 1991.
Nemiroff was president of the Sisterhood is Global Institute (SIGI), an international non-governmental organization, when it moved to Montreal. In 1979, with the help of students and the Simone de Beauvoir Institute community members, she edited the first Simone de Beauvoir Institute Bulletin.
At the end of the 1980s, Greta Nemiroff was a project manager at the Canadian Congress for Learning Opportunities for Women (CCLOW). She was president-elect at the Canadian Women Studies Association (CWSA) for the year 1991-1992. Between 1991 and 1996, she chaired the joint Women’s Studies program at Ottawa University and Carleton University.

Andrews, Pamela

  • Persoon
Pamela Andrews donated records she collected to the Women's Archives in 2000.

Bengtsson, Lisa

  • Canada
  • Persoon
  • 1951-

Lisa Bengtsson was born in 1951. She grew up in Naikina, Ontario–a single industry rail town. From 1974-2007, Lisa Bengtsson worked for the Secretary of State, Women’s Program, for the Northwestern Ontario district—the region in Ontario bordered by Manitoba, White River, and James Bay.

Lisa Bengtsson delivered human rights-based programs, including the Aboriginal Women’s Program, the Friendship Centre Program, the Voluntary Action Program, and the Disabled Persons Program. In the mid-1990s, she transferred from the Secretary of State to Employment and Immigration. Finally she moved to the Status of Women Canada. Her work focussed on project funding, skill development, organizational development, strategic planning, action research, and advocacy.

Lisa Bengtsson was also a program officer for organizations such as the Ontario Association of Interval and Transition Houses and the Ontario Native Women’s Association. She participated in issue-based partnerships with local Thunder Bay organizations, such as women’s training opportunities, (1992-94), family violence, (1978-85), and women in conflict with the law, (2003-2006).

Lisa Bengtsson undertook a major post audit of family violence funding (1989) and managed the Northwestern Ontario Secretary of State district office, (mid-1980s). She also managed the Women’s Program, Ontario Region, (mid-1990s.) She served on internal committees at the national level concerning the prevention of family violence, (1991-92,1997).

Lisa Bengtsson’s volunteer and professional work were grounded in the Secretary of State mandate, “to increase citizen’s participation in decisions affecting the quality of their lives.” In 2005, Lisa Bengtsson was awarded the Ontario Federal Council Leadership Through Collaboration Award, as a result of her partnership with the Equay Wuk Women’s Group of the Nishnawbe Aski Nation.

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