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The Ontario Institute of Studies in Education (OISE) was founded in 1965, by an act of the Ontario legislature; it was established to lead research initiatives and to provide graduate programs in education. Research and graduate studies within the University of Toronto were transferred to OISE from the Ontario Colleges of Education.
In December 1994, OISE was integrated with the Faculty of Education, University of Toronto. It was named the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education of the University of Toronto, and was fully operational by July 1996.
Beginning in 2012, OISE was structured with four academic departments: Applied Psychology and Human Development (APHD); Curriculum, Teaching and Learning (CTL); Leadership, Higher and Adult Education (LHAE); Social Justice Education (SJE). The current dean of OISE is G.A. Jones, whose term began in 2015. The Council of the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education is the institute’s highest governing body; it oversees faculty governance.
OISE is mandated to equip scholars, teachers and other professional with skills and global awareness necessary to influence policy and practice in their fields. The institute is mandated to discover and mobilize knowledge through leading-edge research and innovation. It is also mandated to advance lifelong learning and to contribute to public policy dialogue.
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The Women's Employment Counselling Centre (WECC) Pilot Program was evaluated in 1984 by Employment and Immigration Canada (the Program Evaluation Branch) and continued to operate throughout the 1990's. Many women who received advice and guidance from the WEC in Toronto were subsequently hired at various companies and organizations throughout Ontario including CP Rail, the Ministry of Transportation, CN, Toronto Transit Commission, the Toronto Star, and more. WEC eventually closed down in 1997 due to minimal support and a difficult political and economic climate within the Human Resource Development Canada (HRDC).
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He frequently appeared on radio and TV, was a guest speaker at many meetings of clubs and associations, including, on occasion, sharing the podium with noted scientists. He also presented papers to international UFO conferences and taught a course on Ufology at Algonquin College in Ottawa. Articles about Bray and his work appeared in newspapers across Canada as well as in the U.S.A. In 1967 he was awarded the Centennial Medal in recognition of his service to Canada in the Navy.
In 1968, he began a lengthy correspondence with U. Thant, Secretary-General of the United Nations, and with the UN Outer Space Affairs Division, to get the UN to set up a full-time study of UFOs. Eventually, after supporting a proposal by the Prime Minister of Grenada, the UN asked all member nations to conduct UFO investigations on a national level and report back to the UN. Bray asked Canadian Prime Minister Trudeau to support this action, but nothing came of it.
Then in 1969, he presented a detailed outline of the UFO problem, in the form of a brief, to The Senate Committee on Science Policy, titled Science, Society and the UFO (The Queen’s Printer, Ottawa). In addition to numerous articles in UFO research journals and magazines, he contributed four articles to the Encyclopaedia of UFOs, (Doubleday & Co. Inc., Garden City, N.Y. 1980). In 1979, he wrote his second book, The UFO Connection, (Jupiter Publishing, Ottawa, 1979).
Bray, through his published work, gradually became recognized around the world as a thorough researcher. One of the leading UFO investigative organizations, the Aerial Phenomena Research Organization (APRO) based in the U.S.A., described Bray as “... one of the most respected UFO investigator - researchers in the world...”. (The APRO Bulletin, vol. 31, no. 2, January 1983).
To keep current on scientific and technical matters, he held membership in various organizations, including the American Association for the Advancement of Science, The New York Academy of Sciences, the Canadian Aeronautics and Space Institute, the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada, and The Society of American Military Engineers. The Society of Technical Writers and Publishers and the academy of Independent Scholars also admitted him in membership based on his writing and research abilities.
Through a thorough and detailed study of the evidence, Bray became convinced of the reality of UFOs in that something which remains unidentified is intruding into our airspace. After thorough investigation, only about ten percent of reported sightings remain unidentified. The remaining ninety percent can be identified as man-made objects, known natural phenomenon or hoaxes. It is the ten percent that are the true UFOs, the others being IFOs (Identified Flying Objects). The answers to the questions of what these objects are and where they come from remain unknown to the world in general. Bray, however, is convinced that many governments have the answers, and these remain under top-secret wraps for whatever reasons. He, as well as other researchers, have discovered and published much proof of this secrecy.
When he retired from the Navy in 1971, Bray embarked on a second career as a manager with the Canada Safety Council, a non-government, non-profit organization. He retired from the Council in 1987 in the position of Director of Corporate Affairs. Since then, he continued researching and writing, but also in a new field, financial planning, and has two books published on that topic by the largest financial publishing house in Canada. He is now engaged on another major project of research and writing unrelated to his previous topic areas.
Bray retired from active UFO research after forty-six years of thorough study because no amount of private research had produced any final answers due to the cover-up, which continues, and he had other interests to pursue which had been set aside for many years due to his active involvement in Ufology.
Throughout her life, Madeleine has been a feminist and peace activist. She was part of many feminist committees and organizations, including Women for Political Action (WPA), National Action Committee on the Status of Women (NAC), Voice of Women (VOW), Women for Mutual Security (WMS), Réseau des femmes de l’Ontario, and Féminin-pluriel.
Between 1986 and 2002, Madeleine was heavily involved on the international scene. As a representative for VOW and WMS, she lobbied for peace and disarmament at the United Nation’s Disarmament Session in Geneva, at North-Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) headquarters in Brussels, at the Warsaw Pact Alliance meeting of foreign ministers in Sofia, Bulgaria, and at the United States’ Senate in Washington. She also lobbied at the UN in New York for a woman Secretary General.
Before the Gulf War, Madeleine was the communication link for the delegation of women in Baghdad. In 2000, she participated in a fact-finding mission in Baghdad with a group of international NGOs concerning the sanctions imposed by the United Nations, the United States, and England.
Madeleine was part of a mediation group meeting with women in areas of conflict, including Israel, Palestine, Greece, Turkey, Azerbaijan, Croatia, Serbia, and Cyprus. As part of VOW, Madeleine was actively involved in demonstrations, writing proposals, and giving talks related to the Balkan war. It culminated into her 1997 trip to Belgrade and Zagreb to meet women on both sides of the conflict. On a personal level, Madeleine corresponded with an Israeli female journalist imprisoned in Israel in 1988.
Between 1993 and March 1995, Madeleine was part of the Canadian-Beijing Facilitating Committee and she was the NGO representative on the official Canadian delegation for the UN’s Fourth Women Conference in Beijing (1995). Following the Conference, she was a consultant and observer at a dialogue between Greek and Turkish women which became an organization called WINPEACE. In 2000, Madeleine was involved as a mentor in Beijing+5 at the UN in New York during a session on the status of women.
Madeleine participated in many national and international conferences and workshops either as a coordinator, facilitator, or speaker, including at the First International Minoan Celebration of Partnership (FIMCOP) in Crete, Greece (1992), the Refugee & Displaced Women in Times of Conflict: International NGO Dialogue in Athens (1994), the International Court of Justice World Court Project in the Hague (1995), and the Situation of Women Fourth Canadian Conference on International Health in Ottawa (1997).
In 1995, Madeleine received the Muriel Duckworth Award from the Canadian Research Institute for the Advancement of Women (CRIAW). In early 2000, she was awarded the Women’s College Hospital Award for Outstanding Nurse. She also received Queen Elizabeth II’s Diamond Jubilee medal in 2012.
Madeleine is now living in Toronto where she continues her activities as a mentor.
She wrote “The Perfect Guest” dedicated to the fourteen women killed in the Montreal Massacre. She published her first book of poetry “Lesbians Ignited” in 1992. The book has become a classic in Canadian lesbian literature. In 1992, she was invited to Berlin as an author and continued to live in Germany. Carolyn Gammon’s poetry, prose, and essays have appeared in anthologies throughout Canada, the United States, and Europe. In many readings and performances on three continents over three decades, she has presented her work in a political, humorous and engaging style.
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The Canadian Advisory Council on the Status of Women (CACSW) was established by the federal government of Canada on the recommendation of the Royal Commission on the Status of Women (RCSW) in 1973. The primary purpose of its creation was to educate the public and make an impact on the issues and concerns facing Canadian women, including: access to employment in male dominated professions, equal pay, female reproduction rights, child care, representation in government, constitutional reform, health care, sexual assault, violence against women, and more.
The CACSW was comprised of one president, two vice presidents, fifteen regionally representative members working part-time, and approximately thirty office staff members. After years of providing publications on women's research and helping to reform the constitution, the CACSW was eventually dismantled on April 1, 1995.
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The Feminist Party of Canada (FPC) developed during the feminist movement in response to a lack of representation of women in government and to the many injustices women and minorities continued to face. The party began on June 10, 1979 at an event held by a number of feminists at the Ontario Institute for the Study of Education (OISE), which attracted over 600 people. The event included readings and songs, as well as speeches delivered by Marg Evans, Angela Miles, Mary O'Brien and Laura Sabia.
The primary objective of the FPC was to have an impact on the political system by providing a feminist perspective, and in turn, tackle many of the neglected issues concerning women. The party quickly received attention from the media and was very active while it existed—holding events, sending out newsletters and flyers, communicating with politicians and fighting for official party status. Though the Feminist Party of Canada never became an official party, ending only three years after it began, the party influenced many women to become politically active and brought attention to numerous social, economic, political and educational issues affecting not only women, but all of society.