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Person

Clough, Annette

  • Person
  • 1941-
Photographer Annette was born in Jamaica in 1941 and emigrated to Canada in 1960s where she attended Ontario College of Art and University of Toronto. In the 1970s she was involved with the Women’s Counselling Referral and Education Centre, and with Women Against Nuclear Technology in Toronto. Later in the 1980s, she lived in Vancouver, and worked for the Vancouver Women’s Health Collective. She was also a member of the Lavender Conception Conspiracy, a group of lesbians planning to have babies. In the 1990s, she moved back to Toronto and worked for the Women’s Counselling Referral and Education Centre.
Annette Clough is no longer active in any women’s groups.

Clennet-Sirois, Laurence

  • Person
Laurence Clennett-Sirois is a sociologist and independent scholar focusing on gender and women's studies. She was awarded her Bachelor of Social Sciences from Université du Québec en Outaouais in 2005, her Masters in Sociology and Women's studies from University of Ottawa in 2008, and her PhD in Gender Studies from the University of Sussex in 2013. She worked as a part-time lecturer at Université du Québec en Outaouais from 2012-2018. In 2018, Clennett-Sirois is currently working as a policy analyst for Status of Women Canada.

Cameron, Barbara

  • Person
Barbara Cameron holds a PhD in political science from the University of Toronto. In the 1970s, she was involved in the development of opportunities for women created by the Commission on the Status of Women. She worked for the Ontario Union of Students as an organizer and was also part of a collective of women who created and taught the first women's studies course for credit at the University of Toronto. She is currently an Associate Professor of Political Science and Equity Studies at York University in Toronto. She is also a Research Associate for the Centre for Policy Alternatives and serves on the Executive of York University’s Centre for Feminist Research. She wrote on issues related to gender and public opinion.

Brooks, Toby

  • Person
  • 1936-
Toby Brooks trained as a social worker and moved from U.S. to Ottawa in 1970 along with her husband, David Brooks. She was a staff member of the Ottawa Interval House, an early transition house for battered women in the 1970s and 1980s. She was involved in the Ontario Association of Interval and Transition Houses during the 1980s. She wrote a book about the poet Pat Lowther entitled "Pat Lowther's continent : her life and work" that was published in 2000.

Briskin, Linda

  • Person
Linda Briskin is a Professor Emeritus at York University (Toronto) at the School of Women' Studies. In addition to numerous articles, she has authored several books including Equity Bargaining/Bargaining Equity (2006); co-edited Women's Organizing and Public Policy in Canada and Sweden (1999); Women Challenging Unions: Feminism, Democracy and Militancy (1993); and Union Sisters: Women in the Labour Movement (1983); and co-authored Feminist Organizing for Change: the Contemporary Women's Movement in Canada (1988), and The Day the Fairies Went on Strike (for children) (1981). Her research focuses on union leadership, strategies for ensuring equity representation inside unions, women’s participation in collective bargaining and social dialogue, and worker militancy, with a special focus on gendering labour militancy and nurses on strike. She has been a union activist for many decades. In 2014, Linda Briskin received the Sefton Award for Contributions to Labour Relations, presented by Woodsworth College and the Centre for Industrial Relations and Human Resources, University of Toronto.

Bray, Arthur

  • Person
  • 1925-
Arthur Bray, who was born in Ottawa and graduated from Lisgar Collegiate, began his flying career as a pilot in the Royal Canadian Air Force during World War II, later transferring to the Royal Navy Fleet Air Arm. He was serving as a pilot in the Royal Canadian Navy in 1947 when there were frequent reports of Flying Saucers, later to become known as Unidentified Flying Objects or UFOs. He became curious about these reports, wondering what strange things may be flying about the same sky he was. The more he read, the more interested he became, and the study became his hobby, and, eventually, an avocation. This study inevitably resulted in the accumulation of a large collection of research material over the period to 1993. He completed his first book, Science, the Public and the UFO, (Bray Book Service, Ottawa) in 1967. It was written, after twenty years of research, as a challenge to the U.S. Air Force.
He frequently appeared on radio and TV, was a guest speaker at many meetings of clubs and associations, including, on occasion, sharing the podium with noted scientists. He also presented papers to international UFO conferences and taught a course on Ufology at Algonquin College in Ottawa. Articles about Bray and his work appeared in newspapers across Canada as well as in the U.S.A. In 1967 he was awarded the Centennial Medal in recognition of his service to Canada in the Navy.
In 1968, he began a lengthy correspondence with U. Thant, Secretary-General of the United Nations, and with the UN Outer Space Affairs Division, to get the UN to set up a full-time study of UFOs. Eventually, after supporting a proposal by the Prime Minister of Grenada, the UN asked all member nations to conduct UFO investigations on a national level and report back to the UN. Bray asked Canadian Prime Minister Trudeau to support this action, but nothing came of it.
Then in 1969, he presented a detailed outline of the UFO problem, in the form of a brief, to The Senate Committee on Science Policy, titled Science, Society and the UFO (The Queen’s Printer, Ottawa). In addition to numerous articles in UFO research journals and magazines, he contributed four articles to the Encyclopaedia of UFOs, (Doubleday & Co. Inc., Garden City, N.Y. 1980). In 1979, he wrote his second book, The UFO Connection, (Jupiter Publishing, Ottawa, 1979).
Bray, through his published work, gradually became recognized around the world as a thorough researcher. One of the leading UFO investigative organizations, the Aerial Phenomena Research Organization (APRO) based in the U.S.A., described Bray as “... one of the most respected UFO investigator - researchers in the world...”. (The APRO Bulletin, vol. 31, no. 2, January 1983).
To keep current on scientific and technical matters, he held membership in various organizations, including the American Association for the Advancement of Science, The New York Academy of Sciences, the Canadian Aeronautics and Space Institute, the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada, and The Society of American Military Engineers. The Society of Technical Writers and Publishers and the academy of Independent Scholars also admitted him in membership based on his writing and research abilities.
Through a thorough and detailed study of the evidence, Bray became convinced of the reality of UFOs in that something which remains unidentified is intruding into our airspace. After thorough investigation, only about ten percent of reported sightings remain unidentified. The remaining ninety percent can be identified as man-made objects, known natural phenomenon or hoaxes. It is the ten percent that are the true UFOs, the others being IFOs (Identified Flying Objects). The answers to the questions of what these objects are and where they come from remain unknown to the world in general. Bray, however, is convinced that many governments have the answers, and these remain under top-secret wraps for whatever reasons. He, as well as other researchers, have discovered and published much proof of this secrecy.
When he retired from the Navy in 1971, Bray embarked on a second career as a manager with the Canada Safety Council, a non-government, non-profit organization. He retired from the Council in 1987 in the position of Director of Corporate Affairs. Since then, he continued researching and writing, but also in a new field, financial planning, and has two books published on that topic by the largest financial publishing house in Canada. He is now engaged on another major project of research and writing unrelated to his previous topic areas.
Bray retired from active UFO research after forty-six years of thorough study because no amount of private research had produced any final answers due to the cover-up, which continues, and he had other interests to pursue which had been set aside for many years due to his active involvement in Ufology.

Böhm, Emanuel

  • Person
  • 1909-1990

Dr. Emanuel Böhm was born on February 1, 1909 in Vrútky, Slovakia. The former professor of chemistry and natural sciences earned his Bachelor's degree in 1928, followed by his Master's Degree in chemistry and natural sciences between 1931 and 1934. In 1934, he received his Doctoral Degree from Charles University in Prague in the areas of chemistry, plant physiology, bacteriology and genetics.

Between 1934 and 1936, Dr. Böhm served as a Lieutenant of Heavy Artillery in the Czechoslovak Army. From 1936 to 1939 he taught in various colleges and technical high schools. In September 1939, after the annexation of southern Slovakia by Hungary, the Royal Hungarian Ministry of Education dismissed Dr. Böhm from his post for proclaiming the national and human rights of his people. Dr. Böhm as President of the Slovak National Unity served as spokesman for the 750,000 Slovaks residing in Magyarország during the occupation. During the war years, he worked in journalism and editing. He was the founder and editor of the Slovak language daily, Slovak Unity - Slovenská Jednota in Budapest while being editor of a newly established book publishing affiliate, Edicia Slovenskej Jednoty/Editions of Slovak Unity. Editor of 24 books published by the Guild of Slovak Unity, he was also a member of the Magyar Press Agency.

Following the war, Dr. Böhm resumed his teaching duties in Bratislava. In May 1946, he was elected to the Czechoslovak Parliament as a representative from Eastern Slovakia for the Democratic Party. He eventually served as Deputy Speaker of the Parliament in Prague, later serving as Health Commissioner in Bratislava.

Dr. Böhm and his wife Dr. Mária Dziaková, whom he married in 1941, went into exile in London in 1948 where he became chief chemist at Newlands and Rutherford Brothers. In 1952, the Böhms immigrated to the United States where he worked as Director of Research and Development with the Hoffman Company and later with Corn Products Corporation International. He was honored for his contribution to the food and beverage industries as well as for his research in chemistry. He held a patent on a machine he invented to analyze the contents of beverages. Dr. Böhm was a prolific scientific writer having published 35 articles on flavor and sweetener chemistry.

His life-long love for Slovakia and its culture became even stronger in exile. He served as Vice-President of the Slovenská Národná Rada v Zahranií /Slovak National Council Abroad. Active in Slovak cultural and political affairs, Dr. Böhm was awarded the Stefanik Medal by the Slovak American Cultural Center in New York for his work on behalf of his homeland. He and his wife were co-founders of Múza Tatier (Muse of the Tatras), an award that honors the cultural, scientific and artistic accomplishments of Slovaks and Slovak-Americans. He directed Slovak plays, was the creator of a Slovak Puppet Theater for Slovak children, and was an expert on Slovak folklore and its heritage. He published numerous articles in the Slovak press (both in English and in Slovak) at home and abroad. Dr. Böhm passed away on December 24, 1990 at the age of 81.

Billings, Rosemary

  • Person
Rosemary Billings was an activist and lobbyist who worked as an executive member of the National Action Committee on the Status of Women and the Ad Hoc Committee of Canadian Women on the Constitution, which fought for inclusion of Section 28 in the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms – ensuring the recognition of the equality of women and men. Rosemary Billings was also a Federal Government employee, retiring in 2003. She lives in Ottawa, Ontario.

Bennett, Judith

  • Person
  • 1951-
Judith MacKenzie Bennett is an American historian and professor emerita of History at the University of Southern California. She holds the John R. Hubbard Chair in British History. She is specialized in medieval Europe History, focusing on gender, women's history and rural peasants. She studied at the University of Toronto for her Ph.D. in Medieval Studies. She graduated in 1981.

Bengtsson, Lisa

  • Canada
  • Person
  • 1951-

Lisa Bengtsson was born in 1951. She grew up in Naikina, Ontario–a single industry rail town. From 1974-2007, Lisa Bengtsson worked for the Secretary of State, Women’s Program, for the Northwestern Ontario district—the region in Ontario bordered by Manitoba, White River, and James Bay.

Lisa Bengtsson delivered human rights-based programs, including the Aboriginal Women’s Program, the Friendship Centre Program, the Voluntary Action Program, and the Disabled Persons Program. In the mid-1990s, she transferred from the Secretary of State to Employment and Immigration. Finally she moved to the Status of Women Canada. Her work focussed on project funding, skill development, organizational development, strategic planning, action research, and advocacy.

Lisa Bengtsson was also a program officer for organizations such as the Ontario Association of Interval and Transition Houses and the Ontario Native Women’s Association. She participated in issue-based partnerships with local Thunder Bay organizations, such as women’s training opportunities, (1992-94), family violence, (1978-85), and women in conflict with the law, (2003-2006).

Lisa Bengtsson undertook a major post audit of family violence funding (1989) and managed the Northwestern Ontario Secretary of State district office, (mid-1980s). She also managed the Women’s Program, Ontario Region, (mid-1990s.) She served on internal committees at the national level concerning the prevention of family violence, (1991-92,1997).

Lisa Bengtsson’s volunteer and professional work were grounded in the Secretary of State mandate, “to increase citizen’s participation in decisions affecting the quality of their lives.” In 2005, Lisa Bengtsson was awarded the Ontario Federal Council Leadership Through Collaboration Award, as a result of her partnership with the Equay Wuk Women’s Group of the Nishnawbe Aski Nation.

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