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Hortense Cantlie Fonds
The Hortense Cantlie fonds is comprised mainly of medical illustrations and drawings (1924-1935) including her illustrations as a student at John Hopkins University, as well as two portfolios of about 37 charcoal sketches completed, while she studied art in Montreal and New York. Other material consists of three medical illustrations file books (one with many photographs of illustrations) dated from 1926 to 1952 with illustrations also by other artists, reprints of articles with Hortense Cantlie illustrations (1924-1934), one medical illustration signed Ruth Foster, a sketch book with a preliminary drawing of Brain Children (1950's), a photo of a stained glass window designed for the Royal Victoria Hospital (1927-1928) and reproductions of prints by Max Broedel. There are reprints of an article written by Hortense Cantlie, The Reproduction of Pathological Specimens by the Use of the Wax Moulage (1929), two book illustrations in colour, one by Hortense Cantlie and another by J.M.T. Finney, a case of drafting instruments used by Hortense Cantlie, photographs of her illustrations (1926-1928) for a book by Wilder Penfield, as well as other negatives, and prints of medical illustrations.
Hortense Douglas Cantlie was born in Yonkers, New York, in 1901. From 1909 to 1918 she attended Miss Edgar and Miss Cramp’s School in Montreal. In 1921 she studied charcoal drawing from casts at the Montreal Art Association and in 1922 took art classes in New York. From 1925 to 1926 she studied at John Hopkins University under Max Broedel, where she obtained a certificate in Art as Applied to Medicine in 1926. From 1924 to 1935 Hortense Cantlie worked as a medical illustrator, principally at the Montreal General Hospital. Copies of her illustrations were used in medical articles and books, including material published by Dr. Wilder Penfield. The most famous illustrations are somatic and motor homunculi. She designed and made a brain model with convolutions represented as babies - the Brain Children - for the dedication plaque of the McConnell Wing at the Montreal Neurological Hospital (1953). After her marriage to Stephen Cantlie in 1935, she did few medical illustrations. Hortense Cantlie died in 1979.