Against Violence Against Women
“Violence against women” encompasses all aggressive behaviour—whether individual or collective—directed against women. The United Nations defines violence against women as "any act of gender-based violence that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual or psychological harm or suffering to women: including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or in private life." (Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women, 1993) The condemnation of violence against women is at the heart of second wave feminism.
In the 1970s, women began strategizing to combat violence against women emerged in the 1970s. Groups and coalitions mobilized to change laws. The first anti-rape crisis was composed of a militant self-help group. These front-line services were dedicated to assisting victims and providing them with hotline and counseling services. They disseminated legal information and offered socio-medical and socio-legal support. Second-wave feminists also favoured demonstrations, vigils and sit-ins as a means of denouncing violence against women (Coderre, 2017).
To go further, open-access resources:
Cècile CODERRE, Sara-Maude Ivelyne CODERRE, "La marche internationale La rue, la nuit, femmes sans peur : ses origines et sa dynamique symbolique", Erudit, Reflets, Volume 23, Numéro 2, Automne 2017, p. 141–180.
Anne-Charlotte MILLEPIED, "Le Pouvoir des mots et des corps. L'autodéfense féministe, lieu de production de scripts sexuels alternatifs", Itinéraires, 2017-2, 2018.
Mouvement contre le viol et l'inceste, Les origines, Site web consulté le 18 septembre 2019.
Claudette VANDAL, L'Intervention féministe dans les centres d'aide et de lutte contre les agressions à caractère sexuel (CALACS) du Québec, CDEACF, Mai 1997.
Irene ZEILLINGER, "Une brève histoire de l'autodéfense pour femme", Grarance, Mai 2018.
Le Commerce du sexe, Film by Eve Lamont, 2015, 1h16.
Pour l’Avenir de Nos Filles, Film by Maryanne Junta et Helena Lewis, 2017, 5 min.
Pour ne plus avoir peur, Film by Aerlyn Weissman, 1993, 25 min.
Le Chapeau, Film by Michèle Cournoyer, 1999, 6 min.